Hieronymus Bosch - (1453 - 1516) born Jeroen Anthoniszoon van Aken was an Early Netherlandish painter of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. His work is well-known for the use of fantastic imagery to illustrate moral and religious concepts and narratives. Hieronymus Bosch was born Hieronymus (or Jeroen) van Aken (meaning from Aachen). He signed a number of his paintings as Bosch (pronounced Boss in Dutch). The name derives from his birthplace, - Hertogenbosch, which is commonly called Den Bosch.